The action of the glacier also left New England’s soil permeated with stones, which needed to be cleared before planting could begin. They were often tossed in piles or built into the many stone walls we see scattered through the countryside. Some of the rock piles were used as boundary markers and recorded in early land records as “stake and stones” or heap of stones. Some stone piles that we see are too carefully constructed to fit these categories. We know, for instance that the Vikings built stone cairns as memorials or burials mounds. Native Americans, also built memorial cairns, each wayfarer adding a donation stone as he passed by. Archaeologists have found evidence of Indian burials under stone piles. Other piles are arranged in an array that indicates viewing important astronomical events.
Additional investigation may provide answers to yet unknown uses of these constructions.
NEW ENGLAND ANTIQUITIES RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
FALL MEETING PREVIEW: VERMONT PLATFORM CAIRNS
by Norman E. Muller
Note: This is a preview of a presentation that Norman Muller made at the NEARA Fall
Meeting in Norwich CT.
One curious lithic feature that the author has been intrigued about, and which may even be more
significant than stone chambers, is what is called a platform cairn. This is a large, waist-high stone
platform of dry stone masonry, sometimes measuring twenty or more feet to a side, and in form either
rectangular, square, oval or some other shape. If constructed on a steep slope, the downhill side of the
platform can be upwards of ten or more feet high, whereas the uphill side is waist high or less. The top
surface of these platforms is usually flat and covered with smaller stones called paving, though a
rounded surface is not unheard of, as the reader will soon discover.
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By Norman E. Muller
STONE PILES, STACKS AND PLATFORM RESOURCES